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Coatings 2017, 7(11), 203; doi:10.3390/coatings7110203

Corrosion and Thermal Fatigue Behaviors of TiC/Ni Composite Coating by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis in Molten Aluminum Alloy

1
The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
2
Wuhan Second Ship Design and Research Institute, Wuhan 430205, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonella Rossi
Received: 18 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 13 November 2017 / Published: 18 November 2017
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Abstract

TiC/Ni composite coatings on H13 steel plates were fabricated in situ by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and combined with a pseudo-heat isostatic press. The microstructure of the coating was characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The microhardness, corrosion, and thermal fatigue behaviors of the coating were investigated by a microhardness test, immersion test, and thermal fatigue test, respectively. The results showed that the in situ coating consisted of TiC and Ni binder phases. Spheroidal TiC particles were enveloped by a nearly continuous Ni binder phase. Coating showed good metallurgical bonding in the interface. The corrosive mechanism of the coating surface in molten aluminum alloy involves the Ni binder phase being etched by aluminum to form AlNi3 and the oxidization of the TiC-reinforced phase. The corrosive mechanism that occurred at the front of the corrosion involves the Ni binder phase of the coating being etched by aluminum to form AlNi3, while the TiC skeleton still maintains the original organizational structure. Hot fatigue cracks began at the defective tips of the coating and propagated in the TiC-reinforced phase. The crack is a trans-granular fracture, which is the result of brittle rupture. View Full-Text
Keywords: TiC/Ni; coating; self-propagating high-temperature synthesis; corrosion; thermal fatigue; molten aluminum alloy TiC/Ni; coating; self-propagating high-temperature synthesis; corrosion; thermal fatigue; molten aluminum alloy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pan, C.; Liu, D.; Zhao, C.; Chang, Q.; He, P. Corrosion and Thermal Fatigue Behaviors of TiC/Ni Composite Coating by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis in Molten Aluminum Alloy. Coatings 2017, 7, 203.

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