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Coatings 2016, 6(4), 62; doi:10.3390/coatings6040062

Influence of Surface Roughness and Agitation on the Morphology of Magnetite Films Electrodeposited on Carbon Steel Substrates

Nuclear Materials Safety Reserach Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-353, Korea
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Academic Editor: Giovanni Zangari
Received: 29 August 2016 / Revised: 10 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 16 November 2016
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Abstract

In this work, we investigated the effects of surface roughness and agitation on the morphology of magnetite films electrodeposited from alkaline Fe(III)-triethanolamine (TEA) solutions on carbon steel substrates. The surface roughness of the carbon steel substrates was maintained in the range of 1.64–0.06 μm by using mechanical grinding and polishing methods. The agitation speed was set at 0 and 900 rpm during the electrodeposition process. The particle size and surface roughness value of the magnetite films gradually decreased with decreasing substrate roughness. However, the influence of the substrate roughness on the thickness of the magnetite film was negligible. The morphology of the magnetite film fabricated at 900 rpm appeared to be highly faceted compared to that of the magnetite film produced at 0 rpm. The thickness and surface roughness of the magnetite film significantly increased with the agitation speed, which also significantly affected the electrodeposition efficiency. The effects of substrate surface roughness and agitation on the morphology of magnetite films electrodeposited on carbon steel substrates were also discussed. The obtained results provide critical information for the simulation of magnetite deposits on carbon steel pipes in the secondary systems of nuclear power plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetite; electrodeposition; surface roughness; agitation; morphology magnetite; electrodeposition; surface roughness; agitation; morphology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, S.-H.; Choi, W.-I.; Song, G.-D.; Son, Y.-H.; Hur, D.H. Influence of Surface Roughness and Agitation on the Morphology of Magnetite Films Electrodeposited on Carbon Steel Substrates. Coatings 2016, 6, 62.

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