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Coatings 2015, 5(4), 576-645; doi:10.3390/coatings5040576

A Comprehensive Review on Fluid Dynamics and Transport of Suspension/Liquid Droplets and Particles in High-Velocity Oxygen-Fuel (HVOF) Thermal Spray

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, QC H3G 1M8, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Lavacchi
Received: 17 August 2015 / Revised: 17 August 2015 / Accepted: 28 September 2015 / Published: 13 October 2015

Abstract

In thermal spraying processes, molten, semi-molten, or solid particles, which are sufficiently fast in a stream of gas, are deposited on a substrate. These particles can plastically deform while impacting on the substrate, which results in the formation of well-adhered and dense coatings. Clearly, particles in flight conditions, such as velocity, trajectory, temperature, and melting state, have enormous influence on the coating properties and should be well understood to control and improve the coating quality. The focus of this study is on the high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) spraying and high velocity suspension flame spraying (HVSFS) techniques, which are widely used in academia and industry to generate different types of coatings. Extensive numerical and experimental studies were carried out and are still in progress to estimate the particle in-flight behavior in thermal spray processes. In this review paper, the fundamental phenomena involved in the mentioned thermal spray techniques, such as shock diamonds, combustion, primary atomization, secondary atomization, etc., are discussed comprehensively. In addition, the basic aspects and emerging trends in simulation of thermal spray processes are reviewed. The numerical approaches such as Eulerian-Lagrangian and volume of fluid along with their advantages and disadvantages are explained in detail. Furthermore, this article provides a detailed review on simulation studies published to date. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal spray; coatings; high velocity oxygen fuel spraying (HVOF); high velocity suspension flame spraying (HVSFS); numerical modeling thermal spray; coatings; high velocity oxygen fuel spraying (HVOF); high velocity suspension flame spraying (HVSFS); numerical modeling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jadidi, M.; Moghtadernejad, S.; Dolatabadi, A. A Comprehensive Review on Fluid Dynamics and Transport of Suspension/Liquid Droplets and Particles in High-Velocity Oxygen-Fuel (HVOF) Thermal Spray. Coatings 2015, 5, 576-645.

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