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Biosensors 2017, 7(2), 21; doi:10.3390/bios7020021

An Enzyme-Induced Novel Biosensor for the Sensitive Electrochemical Determination of Isoniazid

Electroanalytical Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Durban University of Technology, Durban 4000, South Africa
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Academic Editor: Jeff D. Newman
Received: 3 March 2017 / Revised: 26 May 2017 / Accepted: 27 May 2017 / Published: 5 June 2017
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Abstract

In this present work, a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified primarily with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and a composite of MWCNTs and titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs). The enzyme horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized to enhance the sensing ability of GCE. The proposed biosensor was used for the sensitive determination of isoniazid (INZ) in various pharmaceutical samples. The electrochemical behaviour of the developed MWCNT-TiO2NPs-HRP-GCE biosensor was studied by using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) techniques. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TGA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques were used to characterize the developed sensor. Phosphate buffer solution (PBS) with pH 7 was used as supporting electrolyte in the present investigation. The cyclic voltammetric results revealed that the increment of anodic peak currents for the enzyme-induced sensor was almost 8-fold greater than that of a bare GCE. The DPV technique exhibited good limit of detection and limit of quantification values, viz., 0.0335 μM and 0.1118 μM, respectively. Moreover, the developed sensor showed long-lasting stability and repeatability without any interferents. This strongly indicates that the fabricated sensor shows outstanding electrochemical performance towards INZ, with excellent selectivity and sensitivity. The developed sensor was successfully applied to pharmaceutical samples and gave good percentages of recoveries. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzyme-based biosensor; isoniazid; cyclic voltammetry; differential pulse voltammetry; pharmaceutical samples enzyme-based biosensor; isoniazid; cyclic voltammetry; differential pulse voltammetry; pharmaceutical samples
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Chokkareddy, R.; Bhajanthri, N.K.; Redhi, G.G. An Enzyme-Induced Novel Biosensor for the Sensitive Electrochemical Determination of Isoniazid. Biosensors 2017, 7, 21.

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