Effects of Sample Preparation on Particle Size Distributions of Different Types of Silica in Suspensions
AbstractThe granulometric characterization of synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) nanomaterials (NMs) still demands harmonized standard operation procedures. SAS is produced as either precipitated, fumed (pyrogenic), gel and colloidal SAS and these qualities differ, among others, with respect to their state of aggregation and aggregate strength. The reproducible production of suspensions from SAS, e.g., for biological testing purposes, demands a reasonable amount of dispersing energy. Using materials representative for each of the types of SAS, we employed ultrasonic dispersing (USD) at energy densities of 8–1440 J/mL and measured resulting particle sizes by dynamic light scattering and laser diffraction. In this energy range, USD had no significant impact on particle size distributions of colloidal and gel SAS, but clearly decreased the particle size of precipitated and fumed SAS. For high energy densities, we observed a considerable contamination of SAS suspensions with metal particles caused by abrasion of the sonotrode’s tip. To avoid this problem, the energy density was limited to 270 J/mL and remaining coarse particles were removed with size-selective filtration. The ultrasonic dispersion of SAS at medium levels of energy density is suggested as a reasonable compromise to produce SAS suspensions for toxicological in vitro testing. View Full-Text
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Retamal Marín, R.R.; Babick, F.; Lindner, G.-G.; Wiemann, M.; Stintz, M. Effects of Sample Preparation on Particle Size Distributions of Different Types of Silica in Suspensions. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 454.
Retamal Marín RR, Babick F, Lindner G-G, Wiemann M, Stintz M. Effects of Sample Preparation on Particle Size Distributions of Different Types of Silica in Suspensions. Nanomaterials. 2018; 8(7):454.Chicago/Turabian Style
Retamal Marín, Rodrigo R.; Babick, Frank; Lindner, Gottlieb-Georg; Wiemann, Martin; Stintz, Michael. 2018. "Effects of Sample Preparation on Particle Size Distributions of Different Types of Silica in Suspensions." Nanomaterials 8, no. 7: 454.
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