Dose- and Time-Dependent Cytotoxicity of Layered Black Phosphorus in Fibroblastic Cells
AbstractBlack phosphorus (BP) is a monolayer/multilayer two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial, which has recently emerged as one of the most attractive 2D nanomaterials due to its fascinating physicochemical and optoelectronical properties. Layered BP may have promising applications in biomedical fields, such as drug delivery, photodynamic/photothermal therapy and bioimaging, although its intrinsic toxicity has not been fully elucidated yet. In the present study, the cytotoxicological effects of layered BP on both cell metabolic activity and membrane integrity were investigated. Layered BPs were prepared using a modified ultrasonication-assisted solution method, and their physicochemical properties were characterized. The dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity of layered BP was assessed against L-929 fibroblasts. Our findings indicate that the cytotoxicity of BPs is proportionally dependent on their concentration and exposure time, which is affected by the oxidative stress-mediated enzyme activity reduction and membrane disruption. On the other hand, layered BPs did not exhibit significant cytotoxicity at concentrations lower than 4 μg/mL. Therefore, it is suggested that layered BPs can be effectively utilized as therapeutic delivery carriers and imaging agents. View Full-Text
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Song, S.-J.; Shin, Y.C.; Lee, H.U.; Kim, B.; Han, D.-W.; Lim, D. Dose- and Time-Dependent Cytotoxicity of Layered Black Phosphorus in Fibroblastic Cells. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 408.
Song S-J, Shin YC, Lee HU, Kim B, Han D-W, Lim D. Dose- and Time-Dependent Cytotoxicity of Layered Black Phosphorus in Fibroblastic Cells. Nanomaterials. 2018; 8(6):408.Chicago/Turabian Style
Song, Su-Jin; Shin, Yong C.; Lee, Hyun U.; Kim, Bongju; Han, Dong-Wook; Lim, Dohyung. 2018. "Dose- and Time-Dependent Cytotoxicity of Layered Black Phosphorus in Fibroblastic Cells." Nanomaterials 8, no. 6: 408.
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