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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(11), 204; doi:10.3390/nano6110204

Micromechanical Properties of Nanostructured Clay-Oxide Multilayers Synthesized by Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly

1
State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering and Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea Exploration (CISSE), Department of Civil Engineering, School of Naval Architecture, Ocean, and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Received: 5 September 2016 / Revised: 1 November 2016 / Accepted: 3 November 2016 / Published: 8 November 2016
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Abstract

Clay-based nanostructured multilayers, such as clay-polymer multilayers and clay-oxide multilayers, have attracted growing attention owing to their remarkable mechanical properties and promising application in various fields. In this paper, synthesis of a new kind of nanostructured clay-oxide multilayers by layer-by-layer self-assembly was explored. Nano-mechanical characterization of 18 clay-based multilayer samples, prepared under as-deposited (i.e., air-dried) and annealing conditions at 400 °C/600 °C with different precursor cations and multilayer structure, were carried out using nanoindentation testing, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The influencing factors, including as-deposited and annealing conditions and clay concentrations on the mechanical properties were analyzed. Results show that all of the multilayers exhibit high bonding strength between interlayers. Higher modulus and hardness of clay-based multilayers were obtained with lower clay concentrations than that with higher clay concentrations. Different relationships between the modulus and hardness and the annealing temperature exist for a specific type of clay-oxide multilayer. This work offers the basic and essential knowledge on design of clay-based nanostructured multilayers by layer-by-layer self-assembly. View Full-Text
Keywords: layer-by-layer self-assembly (LbL); clay-based nanostructured multilayers; nanoindentation; atomic force microscopy; hardness; Young’s modulus layer-by-layer self-assembly (LbL); clay-based nanostructured multilayers; nanoindentation; atomic force microscopy; hardness; Young’s modulus
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hou, D.; Zhang, G.; Pant, R.R.; Wei, Z.; Shen, S. Micromechanical Properties of Nanostructured Clay-Oxide Multilayers Synthesized by Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 204.

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