Next Article in Journal
Al2O3 Nanoparticle Addition to Commercial Magnesium Alloys: Multiple Beneficial Effects
Previous Article in Journal
From Metal Thiobenzoates to Metal Sulfide Nanocrystals: An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation
Nanomaterials 2012, 2(2), 134-146; doi:10.3390/nano2020134

Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Magnetic Hyperthermia Applications

, 1
, 1
, 1,†
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 2
, 3
, 4
, 5
 and 1,*
Received: 11 March 2012 / Accepted: 25 April 2012 / Published: 7 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conference on Nanomaterials 2011)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [889 KB, updated 9 May 2012; original version uploaded 7 May 2012]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Magnetic nanocrystals have been investigated extensively in the past several years for several potential applications, such as information technology, MRI contrast agents, and for drug conjugation and delivery. A specific property of interest in biomedicine is magnetic hyperthermia—an increase in temperature resulting from the thermal energy released by magnetic nanocrystals in an external alternating magnetic field. Iron oxide nanocrystals of various sizes and morphologies were synthesized and tested for specific losses (heating power) using frequencies of 111.1 kHz and 629.2 kHz, and corresponding magnetic field strengths of 9 and 25 mT. Polymorphous nanocrystals as well as spherical nanocrystals and nanowires in paramagnetic to ferromagnetic size range exhibited good heating power. A remarkable 30 °C temperature increase was observed in a nanowire sample at 111 kHz and magnetic field of 25 mT (19.6 kA/m), which is very close to the typical values of 100 kHz and 20 mT used in medical treatments.
Keywords: iron oxide nanocrystals; hyperthermia; thermotherapy; ferrofluid iron oxide nanocrystals; hyperthermia; thermotherapy; ferrofluid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |

MDPI and ACS Style

Armijo, L.M.; Brandt, Y.I.; Mathew, D.; Yadav, S.; Maestas, S.; Rivera, A.C.; Cook, N.C.; Withers, N.J.; Smolyakov, G.A.; Adolphi, N.L.; Monson, T.C.; Huber, D.L.; Smyth, H.D.C.; Osiński, M. Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Magnetic Hyperthermia Applications. Nanomaterials 2012, 2, 134-146.

AMA Style

Armijo LM, Brandt YI, Mathew D, Yadav S, Maestas S, Rivera AC, Cook NC, Withers NJ, Smolyakov GA, Adolphi NL, Monson TC, Huber DL, Smyth HDC, Osiński M. Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Magnetic Hyperthermia Applications. Nanomaterials. 2012; 2(2):134-146.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Armijo, Leisha M.; Brandt, Yekaterina I.; Mathew, Dimple; Yadav, Surabhi; Maestas, Salomon; Rivera, Antonio C.; Cook, Nathaniel C.; Withers, Nathan J.; Smolyakov, Gennady A.; Adolphi, Natalie L.; Monson, Todd C.; Huber, Dale L.; Smyth, Hugh D. C.; Osiński, Marek. 2012. "Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Magnetic Hyperthermia Applications." Nanomaterials 2, no. 2: 134-146.

Nanomaterials EISSN 2079-4991 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert