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J. Intell. 2017, 5(1), 9; doi:10.3390/jintelligence5010009

Human Capital and Reemployment Success: The Role of Cognitive Abilities and Personality

Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories, 96047 Bamberg, Germany
Academic Editors: Julie Aitken Schermer and Paul De Boeck
Received: 31 December 2016 / Revised: 3 March 2017 / Accepted: 17 March 2017 / Published: 22 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligence in the Workplace)
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Abstract

Involuntary periods of unemployment represent major negative experiences for many individuals. Therefore, it is important to identify factors determining the speed job seekers are able to find new employment. The present study focused on cognitive and non-cognitive abilities of job seekers that determine their reemployment success. A sample of German adults (N = 1366) reported on their employment histories over the course of six years and provided measures on their fluid and crystallized intelligence, mathematical and reading competence, and the Big Five of personality. Proportional hazard regression analyses modeled the conditional probability of finding a new job at a given time dependent on the cognitive and personality scores. The results showed that fluid and crystallized intelligence as well as reading competence increased the probability of reemployment. Moreover, emotionally stable job seekers had higher odds of finding new employment. Other personality traits of the Big Five were less relevant for reemployment success. Finally, crystallized intelligence and emotional stability exhibited unique predictive power after controlling for the other traits and showed incremental effects with regard to age, education, and job type. These findings highlight that stable individual differences have a systematic, albeit rather small, effect on unemployment durations. View Full-Text
Keywords: intelligence; competence; personality; unemployment; job search intelligence; competence; personality; unemployment; job search
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gnambs, T. Human Capital and Reemployment Success: The Role of Cognitive Abilities and Personality. J. Intell. 2017, 5, 9.

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