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J. Intell. 2014, 2(1), 4-5; doi:10.3390/jintelligence2010004
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Intelligence as Trait—and State?

Cornell University, Ithaca 14853, NY, USA
Received: 16 January 2014 / Revised: 28 January 2014 / Accepted: 29 January 2014 / Published: 11 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligence, Where to Look, Where to Go?)
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Abstract

We tend to think of intelligence as trait-like. However, with increasing use of psychoactive drugs that enhance performance on psychometric tests of intelligence, investigators need to think of intelligence also as having state-like properties. Questions of the ethics of such drug use will need to be faced in the field of high-stakes psychometric testing as they now are being faced in professional athletics.
Keywords: intelligence; state; trait; performance-enhancing drugs intelligence; state; trait; performance-enhancing drugs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Sternberg, R.J. Intelligence as Trait—and State? J. Intell. 2014, 2, 4-5.

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