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Intelligence as Trait—and State?
Cornell University, Ithaca 14853, NY, USA
Received: 16 January 2014; in revised form: 28 January 2014 / Accepted: 29 January 2014 / Published: 11 February 2014
Abstract: We tend to think of intelligence as trait-like. However, with increasing use of psychoactive drugs that enhance performance on psychometric tests of intelligence, investigators need to think of intelligence also as having state-like properties. Questions of the ethics of such drug use will need to be faced in the field of high-stakes psychometric testing as they now are being faced in professional athletics.
Keywords: intelligence; state; trait; performance-enhancing drugs
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sternberg, R.J. Intelligence as Trait—and State? J. Intell. 2014, 2, 4-5.
Sternberg RJ. Intelligence as Trait—and State? Journal of Intelligence. 2014; 2(1):4-5.
Sternberg, Robert J. 2014. "Intelligence as Trait—and State?" J. Intell. 2, no. 1: 4-5.