J. Intell. 2014, 2(1), 4-5; doi:10.3390/jintelligence2010004
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Intelligence as Trait—and State?

Received: 16 January 2014; in revised form: 28 January 2014 / Accepted: 29 January 2014 / Published: 11 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligence, Where to Look, Where to Go?)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: We tend to think of intelligence as trait-like. However, with increasing use of psychoactive drugs that enhance performance on psychometric tests of intelligence, investigators need to think of intelligence also as having state-like properties. Questions of the ethics of such drug use will need to be faced in the field of high-stakes psychometric testing as they now are being faced in professional athletics.
Keywords: intelligence; state; trait; performance-enhancing drugs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sternberg, R.J. Intelligence as Trait—and State? J. Intell. 2014, 2, 4-5.

AMA Style

Sternberg RJ. Intelligence as Trait—and State? Journal of Intelligence. 2014; 2(1):4-5.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sternberg, Robert J. 2014. "Intelligence as Trait—and State?" J. Intell. 2, no. 1: 4-5.

J. Intell. EISSN 2079-3200 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert