A Hybrid Computation Model to Describe the Progression of Multiple Myeloma and Its Intra-Clonal Heterogeneity
AbstractMultiplemyeloma(MM)isageneticallycomplexhematologicalcancerthatischaracterized by proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. MM evolves from the clonal premalignant disorder monoclonal gammopathy of unknown signiﬁcance (MGUS) by sequential genetic changes involving many different genes, resulting in dysregulated growth of multiple clones of plasma cells. The migration, survival, and proliferation of these clones require the direct and indirect interactions with the non-hematopoietic cells of the bone marrow. We develop a hybrid discrete-continuous model of MM development from the MGUS stage. The discrete aspect of the modelisobservedatthecellularlevel: cellsarerepresentedasindividualobjectswhichmove,interact, divide, and die by apoptosis. Each of these actions is regulated by intracellular and extracellular processes as described by continuous models. The hybrid model consists of the following submodels that have been simpliﬁed from the much more complex state of evolving MM: cell motion due to chemotaxis, intracellular regulation of plasma cells, extracellular regulation in the bone marrow, and acquisition of mutations upon cell division. By extending a previous, simpler model in which the extracellular matrix was considered to be uniformly distributed, the new hybrid model provides a more accurate description in which cytokines are produced by the marrow microenvironment and consumed by the myeloma cells. The complex multiple genetic changes in MM cells and the numerous cell-cell and cytokine-mediated interactions between myeloma cells and their marrow microenviroment are simpliﬁed in the model such that four related but evolving MM clones can be studied as they compete for dominance in the setting of intraclonal heterogeneity. View Full-Text
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Bouchnita, A.; Belmaati, F.-E.; Aboulaich, R.; Koury, M.J.; Volpert, V. A Hybrid Computation Model to Describe the Progression of Multiple Myeloma and Its Intra-Clonal Heterogeneity. Computation 2017, 5, 16.
Bouchnita A, Belmaati F-E, Aboulaich R, Koury MJ, Volpert V. A Hybrid Computation Model to Describe the Progression of Multiple Myeloma and Its Intra-Clonal Heterogeneity. Computation. 2017; 5(1):16.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bouchnita, Anass; Belmaati, Fatima-Ezzahra; Aboulaich, Rajae; Koury, Mark J.; Volpert, Vitaly. 2017. "A Hybrid Computation Model to Describe the Progression of Multiple Myeloma and Its Intra-Clonal Heterogeneity." Computation 5, no. 1: 16.
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