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Information 2017, 8(3), 85; doi:10.3390/info8030085

A Lightweight RFID Grouping-Proof Protocol Based on Parallel Mode and DHCP Mechanism

School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China
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Received: 25 May 2017 / Revised: 2 July 2017 / Accepted: 12 July 2017 / Published: 19 July 2017
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Abstract

A Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) grouping-proof protocol is to generate an evidence of the simultaneous existence of a group of tags and it has been applied to many different fields. For current grouping-proof protocols, there still exist some flaws such as low grouping-proof efficiency, being vulnerable to trace attack and information leakage. To improve the secure performance and efficiency, we propose a lightweight RFID grouping-proof protocol based on parallel mode and DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) mechanism. Our protocol involves multiple readers and multiple tag groups. During the grouping-proof period, one reader and one tag group are chosen by the verifier by means of DHCP mechanism. When only a part of the tags of the chosen group exist, the protocol can also give the evidence of their co-existence. Our protocol utilizes parallel communication mode between reader and tags so as to ensure its grouping-proof efficiency. It only uses Hash function to complete the mutual authentication among verifier, readers and tags. It can preserve the privacy of the RFID system and resist the attacks such as eavesdropping, replay, trace and impersonation. Therefore the protocol is secure, flexible and efficient. It only uses some lightweight operations such as Hash function and a pseudorandom number generator. Therefore it is very suitable to some low-cost RFID systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: RFID; grouping-proof; lightweight protocol; security; privacy RFID; grouping-proof; lightweight protocol; security; privacy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Shi, Z.; Zhang, X.; Wang, Y. A Lightweight RFID Grouping-Proof Protocol Based on Parallel Mode and DHCP Mechanism. Information 2017, 8, 85.

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