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Information 2011, 2(1), 166-194; doi:10.3390/info2010166
Article

Accuracy in Biological Information Technology Involves Enzymatic Quantum Processing and Entanglement of Decohered Isomers

Received: 10 August 2010; in revised form: 5 January 2011 / Accepted: 3 February 2011 / Published: 25 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue What Is Information?)
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Abstract: Genetic specificity information “seen by” the transcriptase is in terms of hydrogen bonded proton states, which initially are metastable amino (–NH2) and, consequently, are subjected to quantum uncertainty limits. This introduces a probability of arrangement, keto-amino → enol-imine, where product protons participate in coupled quantum oscillations at frequencies of ~ 1013 s−1 and are entangled. The enzymatic ket for the four G′-C′ coherent protons is │ψ > = α│+ − + − > + β│+ − − + > + γ│− + + − > + δ│− + − + >. Genetic specificities of superposition states are processed quantum mechanically, in an interval ∆t < < 10−13 s, causing an additional entanglement between coherent protons and transcriptase units. The input qubit at G-C sites causes base substitution, whereas coherent states within A-T sites cause deletion. Initially decohered enol and imine G′ and *C isomers are “entanglement-protected” and participate in Topal-Fresco substitution-replication which, in the 2nd round of growth, reintroduces the metastable keto-amino state. Since experimental lifetimes of metastable keto-amino states at 37 °C are ≥ ~3000 y, approximate quantum methods for small times, t < ~100 y, yield the probability, P(t), of keto-amino → enol-imine as Pρ(t) = ½ (γρ/ħ)2 t2. This approximation introduces a quantum Darwinian evolution model which (a) simulates incidence of cancer data and (b) implies insight into quantum information origins for evolutionary extinction.
Keywords: genetics information theory; biological quantum information; quantum information measurements; quantum evolutionary pressures; quantum uncertainty limits; DNA-proton-protein entanglements; quantum biology genetics information theory; biological quantum information; quantum information measurements; quantum evolutionary pressures; quantum uncertainty limits; DNA-proton-protein entanglements; quantum biology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cooper, W.G. Accuracy in Biological Information Technology Involves Enzymatic Quantum Processing and Entanglement of Decohered Isomers. Information 2011, 2, 166-194.

AMA Style

Cooper WG. Accuracy in Biological Information Technology Involves Enzymatic Quantum Processing and Entanglement of Decohered Isomers. Information. 2011; 2(1):166-194.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cooper, Willis Grant. 2011. "Accuracy in Biological Information Technology Involves Enzymatic Quantum Processing and Entanglement of Decohered Isomers." Information 2, no. 1: 166-194.


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