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A correction was published on 5 February 2013, see Challenges 2013, 4(1), 17-18.

Challenges 2012, 3(2), 290-318; doi:10.3390/challe3020290
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Challenges in Improving Energy Efficiency in a University Campus Through the Application of Persuasive Technology and Smart Sensors

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Received: 4 September 2012; in revised form: 8 November 2012 / Accepted: 9 November 2012 / Published: 19 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges in Industrial Ecology)
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Abstract: The impact of energy consumption and carbon emission in the UK poses a grave challenge. This challenge is particularly high amongst residents of university campuses, where usage of electricity and carbon emission remain invisible to the students. In student residential accommodation, personal choices and social influences affect electricity consumption and ultimately the resultant reduction in carbon emissions. Therefore, innovative solutions are required to change students’ energy consumption behavior, and one promising part of the solution is to present real-time electricity consumption data to students in real-time via a dedicated web platform, while, at the same time, appointing an energy delegate in each hall to induce motivation among the students. The results of some interventions show that immediate energy feedback from smart meters or display devices can provide savings of 5%–15%. However, the situation is different; with the complexity in behavior of our target groups “the students who are living in the halls of residence”, there are economical and environmental aspects to be addressed in these issues, in the campus halls of residence. Therefore, we propose a system to address this issue, by applying smart sensors (real-time electricity data capture), integration of dedicated visual web interface (real-time electricity feedback display) and an appointed energy delegate in each hall (a motivator). It is expected that this will motivate students living in the halls of residence to reduce their electricity wastage and, therefore, control the energy cost and also reduce the carbon emissions released into the environment. In the present research, we focus on the University of Kent, Canterbury campus to study energy conservation and carbon emission reduction strategies.
Keywords: carbon emission; energy conservation; smart sensors; feedback systems; persuasive interface; environment; behavior change and system architecture carbon emission; energy conservation; smart sensors; feedback systems; persuasive interface; environment; behavior change and system architecture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • Correction

    A correction was published on 5 February 2013: http://www.mdpi.com/2078-1547/4/1/17 (PDF, 102 KB)

    It has come to our attention that our paper “Challenges in Improving Energy Efficiency in a niversity Campus through the Application of ersuasive Technology and Smart Sensors” [1] ontains some minor errors. Based on that we have done some minor corrections as stated below. The affiliation information has been changed to: School of Engineering and Digital Arts, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NT, UK.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Emeakaroha, A.; Ang, C.S.; Yan, Y. Challenges in Improving Energy Efficiency in a University Campus Through the Application of Persuasive Technology and Smart Sensors. Challenges 2012, 3, 290-318.

AMA Style

Emeakaroha A, Ang CS, Yan Y. Challenges in Improving Energy Efficiency in a University Campus Through the Application of Persuasive Technology and Smart Sensors. Challenges. 2012; 3(2):290-318.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Emeakaroha, Anthony; Ang, Chee S.; Yan, Yong. 2012. "Challenges in Improving Energy Efficiency in a University Campus Through the Application of Persuasive Technology and Smart Sensors." Challenges 3, no. 2: 290-318.


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