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Challenges 2012, 3(2), 153-182; doi:10.3390/challe3020153
Article

Resilience, Sustainability and Risk Management: A Focus on Energy

* ,
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Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Yoshida honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2012 / Revised: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 23 July 2012 / Published: 8 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Management Challenges: Mitigate the Risk from Natural Hazards)
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Abstract

The natural and subsequent human disasters of March 11, 2011 in Japan have brought into focus more than ever the importance of resilience and risk mitigation in the construction of energy infrastructure. This article introduces some of the critical issues and discusses the implications of energy in alleviating or exacerbating the risks of natural disasters. Additionally, it presents a framework for considering the risks of energy systems from a broad perspective. The connection is drawn between design for sustainability and the risks associated with energy systems in natural disasters. As a result of the assessment, six criteria are proposed for energy systems to contribute to societal resilience in the face of natural disasters—they should be: (1) Continuous; (2) Robust; (3) Independent; (4) Controllable; (5) Non-hazardous; and (6) Matched to demand.
Keywords: sustainability; risk; resilience; distributed; infrastructure; energy; emissions sustainability; risk; resilience; distributed; infrastructure; energy; emissions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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McLellan, B.; Zhang, Q.; Farzaneh, H.; Utama, N.A.; Ishihara, K.N. Resilience, Sustainability and Risk Management: A Focus on Energy. Challenges 2012, 3, 153-182.

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