Challenges 2012, 3(2), 153-182; doi:10.3390/challe3020153
Article

Resilience, Sustainability and Risk Management: A Focus on Energy

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Received: 1 May 2012; in revised form: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 23 July 2012 / Published: 8 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Management Challenges: Mitigate the Risk from Natural Hazards)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The natural and subsequent human disasters of March 11, 2011 in Japan have brought into focus more than ever the importance of resilience and risk mitigation in the construction of energy infrastructure. This article introduces some of the critical issues and discusses the implications of energy in alleviating or exacerbating the risks of natural disasters. Additionally, it presents a framework for considering the risks of energy systems from a broad perspective. The connection is drawn between design for sustainability and the risks associated with energy systems in natural disasters. As a result of the assessment, six criteria are proposed for energy systems to contribute to societal resilience in the face of natural disasters—they should be: (1) Continuous; (2) Robust; (3) Independent; (4) Controllable; (5) Non-hazardous; and (6) Matched to demand.
Keywords: sustainability; risk; resilience; distributed; infrastructure; energy; emissions
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MDPI and ACS Style

McLellan, B.; Zhang, Q.; Farzaneh, H.; Utama, N.A.; Ishihara, K.N. Resilience, Sustainability and Risk Management: A Focus on Energy. Challenges 2012, 3, 153-182.

AMA Style

McLellan B, Zhang Q, Farzaneh H, Utama NA, Ishihara KN. Resilience, Sustainability and Risk Management: A Focus on Energy. Challenges. 2012; 3(2):153-182.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McLellan, Benjamin; Zhang, Qi; Farzaneh, Hooman; Utama, N. Agya; Ishihara, Keiichi N. 2012. "Resilience, Sustainability and Risk Management: A Focus on Energy." Challenges 3, no. 2: 153-182.

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