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Religions 2017, 8(2), 19; doi:10.3390/rel8020019

Four Versions of the Christus by the Massys: Deciphering the Meaning of the Letters

Department of Applied Mathematics to Information Technology and Communications, Polytechnical University of Madrid, Avenida Complutense no. 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Received: 4 September 2016 / Accepted: 24 January 2017 / Published: 13 February 2017
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Abstract

The Flemish painters Quentin Massys and his son Jan Massys appear to be the authors of four works with a very similar motif, the bust of Jesus Christ. These canvasses can be found in different locations today: the Prado Museum in Madrid (Spain), the RKD Netherlands Institute for Art History of The Hague (Netherlands), the Kunstmuseum Winterthur (Switzerland), and another one in a private collection. Written on the edge of the robe around the neck, these canvasses display a series of Hebrew or pseudo-Hebrew letters. We offer the complete solution deciphered, until today incomplete, for three of them, with a very similar letter sequence. Finally, we resolve completely one of the canvasses, which, until today, had no known solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: religious art; Hebrew inscriptions; Renaissance; Quentin Massys; Jan Massys; deciphering; cryptography religious art; Hebrew inscriptions; Renaissance; Quentin Massys; Jan Massys; deciphering; cryptography
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Vera, V.J.; Ávila, C.S. Four Versions of the Christus by the Massys: Deciphering the Meaning of the Letters. Religions 2017, 8, 19.

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