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Religions 2017, 8(11), 235; doi:10.3390/rel8110235

Tantric Yoga in the Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa of Hinduism and the Jñānārṇava of Jainism

Theology Department, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 11 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Society for Tantric Studies Proceedings (2016))
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Abstract

This paper explores the Markaṇḍeya Purāṇa, one of the earliest expositions of what become Tantric themes in Hinduism, and the Jñānārṇava, which provides an early template for the practice of Jaina Tantra. The former text follows the traditional mapping of the five elements and correlative senses, linking earth to smell, water to taste, fire to form, air to touch, and space to hearing, in a sequence of ascent. In contrast, the Jaina practice relates earthy, lotus-like material to the earth, to be incinerated by fire, stirring up strong winds that involve vigorous breathing that bring pounding rains, washing away all karmic impurity and its residues, exposing one’s true nature as a distinct liberated soul. View Full-Text
Keywords: Markaṇḍeya Purāṇa; Jñānārṇava; five elements; Jaina Tantra; Yoga; five senses; meditation Markaṇḍeya Purāṇa; Jñānārṇava; five elements; Jaina Tantra; Yoga; five senses; meditation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chapple, C.K. Tantric Yoga in the Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa of Hinduism and the Jñānārṇava of Jainism. Religions 2017, 8, 235.

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