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Religions 2016, 7(6), 71; doi:10.3390/rel7060071

Coopting the State: The Conservative Evangelical Movement and State-Level Institutionalization, Passage, and Diffusion of Faith-Based Initiatives

Department of Sociology, Loyola Marymount University, 1 LMU Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA
Department of Sociology, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, MA 02125-3393, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Wineburg
Received: 23 February 2016 / Revised: 25 April 2016 / Accepted: 13 May 2016 / Published: 7 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion, Welfare and Social Service Provision: Common Ground)
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In the following, we characterize the contemporary conservative Evangelical movement as an example of contentious politics, a movement that relies on both institutional and noninstitutional tactics to achieve political outcomes. Examining multiple institutional and legislative outcomes related to the Faith Based Initiative, we seek to understand why some states have established state faith-based bureaucracies and passed significantly more faith-based legislation. We find that the influence of elite movement actors within state Republican parties has been central to these policy achievements. Furthermore, we find that the presence of movement-inspired offices increase the rate of adoption of legislation, and the passage of symbolic policies increases the likelihood of passage of more substantive faith-based legislation. We argue that the examination of multiple outcomes over time is critical to capturing second order policy effects in which new institutions, the diffusion of legislation and institutions, and increasing policy legitimacy may shape subsequent legislative developments. View Full-Text
Keywords: faith-based; religion; state policy; social movements; conservative Evangelical faith-based; religion; state policy; social movements; conservative Evangelical

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sager, R.; Bentele, K. Coopting the State: The Conservative Evangelical Movement and State-Level Institutionalization, Passage, and Diffusion of Faith-Based Initiatives. Religions 2016, 7, 71.

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