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Religions 2015, 6(3), 930-947; doi:10.3390/rel6030930

How do Psychiatric Staffs Approach Religiosity/Spirituality in Clinical Practice? Differing Perceptions among Psychiatric Staff Members and Clinical Chaplains

1
The Department of Caritas Science and Christian Social Welfare, Freiburg University, Platz der Universitaet 3, D-79098, Freiburg, Germany
2
The Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Freiburg University Hospital, Hauptstrasse 5, D-79104, Freiburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arndt Büssing
Received: 20 May 2015 / Revised: 23 July 2015 / Accepted: 24 July 2015 / Published: 3 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice)
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Abstract

The present study examined the perception of contemporary German psychiatric staff (i.e., psychiatrists, psychotherapists and nurses) regarding their approach towards religious/spiritual issues in their clinical practice, and how clinical chaplains perceive attitudes and behaviors towards religiosity/spirituality of other psychiatric staff members. To answer these questions, two separate studies were conducted to include psychiatric staff and clinical chaplains. Curlin et al.’s questionnaire on Religion and Spirituality in Medicine: Physicians’ Perspectives was the main instrument used for both studies. According to the self-assessment of psychiatric staff members, most contemporary German psychiatric staff members are prepared and open to dealing with religiosity/spirituality in therapeutic settings. To some extent, clinical chaplains agreed with this finding, but their overall perception significantly differs from the staff’s own self-rating. Our results suggest that it may be helpful for psychiatric staff members and clinical chaplains to exchange their views on patients regarding religious/spiritual issues in therapeutic settings, and to reflect on how to apply such findings to clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: religiosity/spirituality; psychiatric staff; chaplain; Germany; self-awareness religiosity/spirituality; psychiatric staff; chaplain; Germany; self-awareness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, E.; Zahn, A.; Baumann, K. How do Psychiatric Staffs Approach Religiosity/Spirituality in Clinical Practice? Differing Perceptions among Psychiatric Staff Members and Clinical Chaplains. Religions 2015, 6, 930-947.

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