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Religions 2015, 6(3), 1067-1081; doi:10.3390/rel6031067

Islam and Political Violence

Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA
Academic Editor: Peter Iver Kaufman
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 August 2015 / Published: 10 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion & Violence)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [223 KB, uploaded 10 September 2015]

Abstract

The global threat of Al Qaeda post 9/11 and ISIL, increased Sunni-Shia conflicts, and violence in the Middle East and Pakistan dominate headlines and challenge governments in the region and globally. Both Muslim extremists and some Western experts and observers speak of a clash of civilizations or a culture war in Muslim-West relations. Both the discourse and violence yet again raise questions about the relationship of Islam to violence and terrorism: is Islam a particularly violent religion? Critics cite Quranic passages, doctrines like jihad and events in Muslim history as strong indicators and proof that Islam is the primary driver of Muslim extremism and terrorism. What do the Quran and Islamic law have to say about violence, jihad and warfare? What are the primary drivers of terrorism in the name of Islam today? This article will address these questions in the context of development of global jihadist movements, in particular Al Qaeda and ISIL, their roots, causes, ideology and agenda. View Full-Text
Keywords: violence; Quran; Sword-verses; Jihad; Al Qaeda; ISIL; Religious Terrrism; Caliphate; Islamic State; Sunni-Shia Sectarianism; Suicide bombing violence; Quran; Sword-verses; Jihad; Al Qaeda; ISIL; Religious Terrrism; Caliphate; Islamic State; Sunni-Shia Sectarianism; Suicide bombing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Esposito, J.L. Islam and Political Violence. Religions 2015, 6, 1067-1081.

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