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Comparative Theology and Religious Studies in a Non-religious Environment
Religions 2012, 3(4), 983-992; doi:10.3390/rel3040983

Comparative Theology as Liberal and Confessional Theology

Universität Paderborn, Warburgerstraße 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
Received: 14 September 2012 / Revised: 10 October 2012 / Accepted: 15 October 2012 / Published: 22 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue European Perspectives on the New Comparative Theology)
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For most European scholars, the scope of Comparative Theology is not very clear. They see big differences between the notion of Comparative Theology among its protagonists, e.g., between Keith Ward or Robert Neville and Francis Clooney or James Fredericks. That is why I will try to define a certain understanding of Comparative Theology which can be defended in accordance with strong European theological traditions. I want to show that Comparative Theology can be understood as one of the best fruits of liberal theology and of a Wittgensteinian interpretation of transcendental philosophy—and that it opens new perspectives for confessional theology. The current development of Islamic theology in Germany is especially challenging for Comparative Theology and the best opportunity to develop it into a project undertaken by scholars of different religions and different intellectual traditions. I will argue that Comparative Theology is not a new discipline within the old disciplines of theology, but that it can give new perspectives to all theological disciplines and thoroughly change their character.
Keywords: liberal theology; postliberal theology; comparative theology; global theology; confessional theology; German theology; Kant; Wittgenstein liberal theology; postliberal theology; comparative theology; global theology; confessional theology; German theology; Kant; Wittgenstein
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Stosch, K. Comparative Theology as Liberal and Confessional Theology. Religions 2012, 3, 983-992.

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