Religions 2012, 3(4), 1180-1194; doi:10.3390/rel3041180
Article

Reasons for and Contexts of Deep Theological Engagement with Other Religious Traditions in Europe: Toward a Comparative Theology

Received: 6 November 2012; in revised form: 13 December 2012 / Accepted: 17 December 2012 / Published: 18 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue European Perspectives on the New Comparative Theology)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The different contexts of America and Europe have a significant impact on the development of comparative theology, especially in the German-speaking countries. The latter have found other solutions to the problem of religious pluralism that are not really conducive to comparative theology. Hence, the double responsibility of Catholic theology in particular toward the university and toward the Church is a part of the discourse policy of theology, which affects the theology of religions and comparative theology. On the one hand, theology is under the protection of the state, and on the other hand theology is threatened by the risk of unreliability due to ecclesiastical paternalism. But the theology of religions and comparative theology do not evade into science of religion or neo-orthodoxy, rather, they take a risk in a theological engagement with other religions, bringing one’s own faith into a deep encounter with other religions and their faiths while delving into points of detail. After giving short descriptions of these tasks, this article shows some examples of practice in comparative theology and gives a prospect into potential further developments of comparative theology in theories of difference and spaces.
Keywords: theology of religions; comparative theology; Second Vatican Council—Nostra Aetate; postcolonial studies; German catholic theology; church-state relations; spirituality; apologetics; third space; theory of difference
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MDPI and ACS Style

Winkler, U. Reasons for and Contexts of Deep Theological Engagement with Other Religious Traditions in Europe: Toward a Comparative Theology. Religions 2012, 3, 1180-1194.

AMA Style

Winkler U. Reasons for and Contexts of Deep Theological Engagement with Other Religious Traditions in Europe: Toward a Comparative Theology. Religions. 2012; 3(4):1180-1194.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Winkler, Ulrich. 2012. "Reasons for and Contexts of Deep Theological Engagement with Other Religious Traditions in Europe: Toward a Comparative Theology." Religions 3, no. 4: 1180-1194.

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