Religions 2012, 3(2), 320-338; doi:10.3390/rel3020320
Article

Erich Auerbach and His "Figura": An Apology for the Old Testament in an Age of Aryan Philology

1 The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91905, Israel 2 Wake Forest University, Political Science Department, Tribble Hall, Winston-Salem NC 27109, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2012; in revised form: 27 March 2012 / Accepted: 6 April 2012 / Published: 13 April 2012
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Abstract: Auerbach’s goal in writing “Figura” and Mimesis was the rejection of Aryan philology and Nazi barbarism, based on racism, chauvinism and the mythologies of Blood, Volk and Soil, which eliminated the Old Testament from the Christian canon and hence from European culture and civilization. Following the Nazi Revolution of 1933 and the triumph of Aryan philology, Auerbach began writing “Figura,” published in 1938, where he provided an apology for the Old Testament’s validity and credibility, striving to prove that the Jewish Bible was inseparable from the New Testament contrary to the claims of Aryan philology and Nazi historiography. Auerbach’s “Figura” should be considered not merely as a philological study but also, and more importantly, as a crucial stage in his response to the crisis of German philology with Mimesis, in turn, seen as his affirmation, against Aryan philology’s Nazi racist and völkish views, of the humanist, Judeo-Christian foundation of European civilization.
Keywords: philology; Figura; allegory; Arian philology; Nazi historiography

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zakai, A.; Weinstein, D. Erich Auerbach and His "Figura": An Apology for the Old Testament in an Age of Aryan Philology. Religions 2012, 3, 320-338.

AMA Style

Zakai A, Weinstein D. Erich Auerbach and His "Figura": An Apology for the Old Testament in an Age of Aryan Philology. Religions. 2012; 3(2):320-338.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zakai, Avihu; Weinstein, David. 2012. "Erich Auerbach and His "Figura": An Apology for the Old Testament in an Age of Aryan Philology." Religions 3, no. 2: 320-338.

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