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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5(3), 39; doi:10.3390/jmse5030039

An Analysis of Ship-Source Marine Pollution in Nigeria Seaports

1
Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
2
Department of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
3
Department of Transport Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
4
West Atlantic Shipyard Ltd., Onne Port, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2017 / Revised: 21 July 2017 / Accepted: 3 August 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
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Abstract

Existing studies indicate that marine pollution control in the ports of developing economies is marred by a lack of administrative control and inadequate provision of waste reception facilities. In Nigeria ports, ship generated waste control services and provision of waste reception facilities are outsourced to private companies with no requirement for an activity audit. Apart from the port authority, other government agencies are also involved in pollution monitoring and control. Hence, functions are duplicated and effective regulation is arguably weakened by conflicts of interest. A scientific based integrated model is therefore proposed to address the managerial problem posed in the control of marine pollution in Nigerian ports. In this paper, we conduct a physico-chemical and microbiological analysis of samples of ships’ wastewater to determine the status of marine pollution in the port environment. The samples were collected from randomly selected ships at berths in seaport locations. The outputs from the analysis are then integrated as inputs into an administrative framework model. The integrated model developed is proposed as an alternative administrative tool for monitoring and controlling pollution in seaports. The policy implications of the developed model are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine pollution; ship generated wastewater; physico-chemical and microbiological analysis marine pollution; ship generated wastewater; physico-chemical and microbiological analysis
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Onwuegbuchunam, D.E.; Ebe, T.E.; Okoroji, L.I.; Essien, A.E. An Analysis of Ship-Source Marine Pollution in Nigeria Seaports. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5, 39.

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