Next Article in Journal
Offshore Deployments of Wave Energy Converters by Seabased Industry AB
Previous Article in Journal
Inspection-Class Remotely Operated Vehicles—A Review
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5(1), 14; doi:10.3390/jmse5010014

Application of State of the Art Modeling Techniques to Predict Flooding and Waves for a Coastal Area within a Protected Bay

1
Ocean Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
2
Environmental Data Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
3
Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council, Wakefield, RI 02879, USA
4
RPS/ASA, South Kingstown, RI 02879, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zeki Demirbilek
Received: 26 January 2017 / Revised: 6 March 2017 / Accepted: 14 March 2017 / Published: 20 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Ocean Engineering)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6688 KB, uploaded 20 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) are developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to provide guidance in establishing the risk to structures and infrastructure from storm surge sand associated waves in the coastal zone. The maps are used by state agencies and municipalities to help guide coastal planning and establish the minimum elevation and construction standards for new or substantially improved structures. A summary of the methods used and a comparison with the results of 2013 FIRM mapping are presented for Warwick, Rhode Island (RI), a coastal community located within Narragansett Bay. Because of its location, Warwick is protected from significant coastal erosion and wave attacks, but is subject to surge amplification. Concerns surrounding the FEMA methods used in the 2013 FIRM analysis are put in context with the National Research Council’s (NRC) 2009 review of the FEMA coastal mapping program. New mapping is then performed using state of the art, fully coupled surge and wave modeling, and data analysis methods, to address the NRC concerns. The new maps and methodologies are in compliance with FEMA regulations and guidelines. This new approach makes extensive use of the numerical modeling results from the recent US Army Corp of Engineers, North Atlantic Coast Comprehensive Study (NACCS, 2015). Revised flooding maps are presented and compared to the 2013 FIRM maps, to provide insight into the differences. The new maps highlight the importance of developing better estimates of surge dynamics and the advancement in nearshore mapping of waves in flood inundated areas by the use of state of the art, two-dimensional, wave transformation models. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal flooding; inundation; and waves; Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs); coupled wave and surge modeling; base flood elevation coastal flooding; inundation; and waves; Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs); coupled wave and surge modeling; base flood elevation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Spaulding, M.L.; Grilli, A.; Damon, C.; Fugate, G.; Isaji, T.; Schambach, L. Application of State of the Art Modeling Techniques to Predict Flooding and Waves for a Coastal Area within a Protected Bay. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5, 14.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top