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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4(4), 72; doi:10.3390/jmse4040072

Improvements for the Western North Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico ADCIRC Tidal Database (EC2015)

1
School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science, University of Oklahoma, 202 W. Boyd Room 334, Norman, OK 73019, USA
2
NOAA/Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, 4840 South State Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48108, USA
3
NOAA/National Ocean Service/Coast Survey Development Laboratory, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
4
Earth Resources Technology, Inc., 14401 Sweitzer Lane, Suite 300, Laurel, MD 20707, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard P. Signell
Received: 17 July 2016 / Revised: 28 October 2016 / Accepted: 1 November 2016 / Published: 8 November 2016

Abstract

This research details the development and validation of an updated constituent tidal database for the Western North Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico (WNAT) region, referred to as the EC2015 database. Regional databases, such as EC2015, provide much higher resolution than global databases allowing users to more accurately define the tidal forcing on smaller sub-region domains. The database last underwent major updates in 2001 and was developed using the two-dimensional, depth-integrated form of the coastal hydrodynamic model, ADvanced CIRCulation (ADCIRC), which solves the shallow-water equations in the generalized wave continuity equation form. Six main areas of improvement are examined: (1) placement of the open ocean boundary; (2) higher coastal resolution using Vertical Datum (VDatum) models; (3) updated bathymetry from global databases; (4) updated boundary forcing compared using two global tidal databases; (5) updated bottom friction formulations; and (6) improved model physics by incorporating the advective terms in ADCIRC. The skill of the improved database is compared to that of its predecessor and is calculated using harmonic data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (NOAA CO-OPS) stations and historic International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) data. Overall, the EC2015 database significantly reduces errors realized in the EC2001 database and improves the quality of coastal tidal constituents available for smaller sub-regional models in the Western North Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico (WNAT) region. View Full-Text
Keywords: tidal constituent database; WNAT region; ADCIRC tidal constituent database; WNAT region; ADCIRC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szpilka, C.; Dresback, K.; Kolar, R.; Feyen, J.; Wang, J. Improvements for the Western North Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico ADCIRC Tidal Database (EC2015). J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2016, 4, 72.

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