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J. Clin. Med. 2016, 5(10), 88; doi:10.3390/jcm5100088

The Influence of Parental Emotional Neglect on Assault Victims Seeking Treatment for Depressed Mood and Alcohol Misuse: A Pilot Study

1
Centre for Brain and Mental Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan 2308, NSW, Australia
2
Centre for Children’s Health Research, Institute of Health & Biomedical Innovation and School of Psychology & Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane 4001, QLD, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Frances Kay Lambkin and Emma Barrett
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 16 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 9 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [811 KB, uploaded 9 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study explores the relationship between reported parental emotional neglect when a child, assault type experienced, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, and alcohol consumption in treatment seekers for comorbid depressive symptoms and alcohol misuse. Participants (n = 220) with concurrent depression and alcohol misuse were recruited from the DAISI (Depression and Alcohol Integrated and Single-focussed Interventions) project. Assault type and PTSS were retrospectively assessed by the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale. The Measure of Parenting Style is a self-report measure that retrospectively assessed emotional neglect experienced as a child. An exploratory factor analysis using the tetrachoric correlation matrix (applying principal factor extraction with a varimax rotation) identified the two assault factors of sexual assault (SA) and physical assault (PA). A path analysis revealed that Maternal Emotional Neglect increased the impact of PTSS and depression. Paternal Emotional Neglect increased the impact of PA on PTSS and alcohol dependence symptoms. There appears to be differential effects of assault type and Maternal/Paternal emotional neglect on depression and alcohol misuse, suggesting that parenting roles serve distinct protective functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: trauma; depression; alcohol misuse; comorbidity and child neglect trauma; depression; alcohol misuse; comorbidity and child neglect
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bailey, K.A.; Baker, A.L.; McElduff, P.; Kavanagh, D.J. The Influence of Parental Emotional Neglect on Assault Victims Seeking Treatment for Depressed Mood and Alcohol Misuse: A Pilot Study. J. Clin. Med. 2016, 5, 88.

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