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Membranes 2018, 8(3), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030049

A Comparative Study on the Addition Methods of TiO2 Sintering Aid to the Properties of Porous Alumina Membrane Support

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute, Jingdezhen 333403, China
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Received: 25 June 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 23 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Membrane Preparation and Characterization)
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Abstract

TiO2 is usually used as a sintering aid to lower the sintering temperature of porous alumina membrane support. Two ways of the addition of TiO2 are chosen: in-situ precipitation and in-situ hydrolysis. The results show that the distribution status of TiO2 has an important effect on the property of porous alumina membrane support. In in-situ hydrolysis method, the nano-meter scale TiO2 distributes evenly on the alumina particles’ surface. The bending strength of the support increases sharply and the pore size distribution changes more sharply along with the content of TiO2 which slightly increases from 0.3 wt.% to 0.4 wt.%. The distribution of the nano-meter scale TiO2 is not so even added by in-situ precipitation method. Neither the bending strength nor the pore size distribution of the support is worse than that of the support added by in-situ hydrolysis even if the content of TiO2 is high to 2 wt.%. The permeating flux has a similar tendency. Consequently, the porous alumina membrane support has the porosity of 30.01% and the bending strength of 77.33 MPa after sintering at 1650 °C for 2 h with the optimized TiO2 content of 0.4 wt.% added by the in-situ hydrolysis method. View Full-Text
Keywords: membrane fabrication; ceramic membrane; support; Al2O3; TiO2; sintering aid membrane fabrication; ceramic membrane; support; Al2O3; TiO2; sintering aid
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, Y.; Chang, Q.; Hu, Z.; Zhang, X. A Comparative Study on the Addition Methods of TiO2 Sintering Aid to the Properties of Porous Alumina Membrane Support. Membranes 2018, 8, 49.

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