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Membranes 2018, 8(3), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8030035

Chemical Vapor Deposition of Photocatalyst Nanoparticles on PVDF Membranes for Advanced Oxidation Processes

1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technologies, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci Cubo 15/C, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
2
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci Edificio Polifunzionale, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
3
National Research Council of Italy (CNR)—Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM), Via P. Bucci Cubo 17/C, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
4
Applied Physics & Microelectronics, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, 603950 Nizhni Novgorod, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 21 June 2018
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Abstract

The chemical binding of photocatalytic materials, such as TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles, onto porous polymer membranes requires a series of chemical reactions and long purification processes, which often result in small amounts of trapped nanoparticles with reduced photocatalytic activity. In this work, a chemical vapor deposition technique was investigated in order to allow the nucleation and growth of ZnO and TiO2 nanoparticles onto polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) porous membranes for application in advanced oxidation processes. The thickness of obtained surface coatings by sputtered nanoparticles was found to depend on process conditions. The photocatalytic efficiency of sputtered membranes was tested against both a model drug and a model organic pollutant in a small continuous flow reactor. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical vapor deposition; polyvinylidene difluoride; titanium dioxide; zinc oxide; photocatalysis chemical vapor deposition; polyvinylidene difluoride; titanium dioxide; zinc oxide; photocatalysis
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De Filpo, G.; Pantuso, E.; Armentano, K.; Formoso, P.; Di Profio, G.; Poerio, T.; Fontananova, E.; Meringolo, C.; Mashin, A.I.; Nicoletta, F.P. Chemical Vapor Deposition of Photocatalyst Nanoparticles on PVDF Membranes for Advanced Oxidation Processes. Membranes 2018, 8, 35.

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