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Membranes 2018, 8(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8010004

Development of a Scale-up Tool for Pervaporation Processes

Institute for Separation and Process Technology, Clausthal University of Technology, Leibnizstraße 15, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
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Received: 15 December 2017 / Revised: 5 January 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2018 / Published: 15 January 2018

Abstract

In this study, an engineering tool for the design and optimization of pervaporation processes is developed based on physico-chemical modelling coupled with laboratory/mini-plant experiments. The model incorporates the solution-diffusion-mechanism, polarization effects (concentration and temperature), axial dispersion, pressure drop and the temperature drop in the feed channel due to vaporization of the permeating components. The permeance, being the key model parameter, was determined via dehydration experiments on a mini-plant scale for the binary mixtures ethanol/water and ethyl acetate/water. A second set of experimental data was utilized for the validation of the model for two chemical systems. The industrially relevant ternary mixture, ethanol/ethyl acetate/water, was investigated close to its azeotropic point and compared to a simulation conducted with the determined binary permeance data. Experimental and simulation data proved to agree very well for the investigated process conditions. In order to test the scalability of the developed engineering tool, large-scale data from an industrial pervaporation plant used for the dehydration of ethanol was compared to a process simulation conducted with the validated physico-chemical model. Since the membranes employed in both mini-plant and industrial scale were of the same type, the permeance data could be transferred. The comparison of the measured and simulated data proved the scalability of the derived model. View Full-Text
Keywords: pervaporation; physico-chemical modelling; up-scale; dehydration; ethanol; ethyl acetate pervaporation; physico-chemical modelling; up-scale; dehydration; ethanol; ethyl acetate
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Thiess, H.; Schmidt, A.; Strube, J. Development of a Scale-up Tool for Pervaporation Processes. Membranes 2018, 8, 4.

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