Modification of the Selectivity Properties of Tubular Ceramic Membranes after Alkaline Treatment
AbstractThis work focuses on the selectivity modification of ceramic membranes after a mild alkaline treatment. Filtration of pure salt-water solutions was carried out with commercial titania membranes before and after the treatment. After treatment, the rejection of NaF significantly decreased, while the rejection of NaCl and NaBr increased. Additionally, NaI and Na2SO4 remained close to zero. Pore size and electrical charge being almost unchanged, only significant modifications in the dielectric effects can explain this modification of selectivity. Therefore, the surface chemistry and the interaction (nature and magnitude) with the solvent and with the species present in the solution appear to be modified by the alkaline treatment. This trend is also illustrated by discussing the electric and the dielectric properties that were numerically identified before and after treatment. The alkaline treatment significantly decreased the apparent dielectric constant of NaCl-water solution in the pore, highlighting the rejection of sodium chloride. Contrariwise, the modification of the surface chemistry increased the apparent dielectric constant of NaF-water solution by promoting fluoride transmission. View Full-Text
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Dutournié, P.; Limousy, L.; Anquetil, J.; Déon, S. Modification of the Selectivity Properties of Tubular Ceramic Membranes after Alkaline Treatment. Membranes 2017, 7, 65.
Dutournié P, Limousy L, Anquetil J, Déon S. Modification of the Selectivity Properties of Tubular Ceramic Membranes after Alkaline Treatment. Membranes. 2017; 7(4):65.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dutournié, Patrick; Limousy, Lionel; Anquetil, Jérôme; Déon, Sébastien. 2017. "Modification of the Selectivity Properties of Tubular Ceramic Membranes after Alkaline Treatment." Membranes 7, no. 4: 65.
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