Next Article in Journal
Membrane Distillation of Meat Industry Effluent with Hydrophilic Polyurethane Coated Polytetrafluoroethylene Membranes
Next Article in Special Issue
PES-Kaolin Mixed Matrix Membranes for Arsenic Removal from Water
Previous Article in Journal
Recent Developments of Graphene Oxide-Based Membranes: A Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Perfluorinated Compounds as Test Media for Porous Membranes
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Membranes 2017, 7(3), 54; doi:10.3390/membranes7030054

The Role of Ion Exchange Membranes in Membrane Capacitive Deionisation

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
2
Key Laboratory of Jiangsu Province for Chemical Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environment and Biological Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
3
The ARC Dairy Innovation Hub, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2017 / Revised: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 14 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seven Years of Membranes: Feature Paper 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4754 KB, uploaded 14 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

Ion-exchange membranes (IEMs) are unique in combining the electrochemical properties of ion exchange resins and the permeability of a membrane. They are being used widely to treat industrial effluents, and in seawater and brackish water desalination. Membrane Capacitive Deionisation (MCDI) is an emerging, energy efficient technology for brackish water desalination in which these ion-exchange membranes act as selective gates allowing the transport of counter-ions toward carbon electrodes. This article provides a summary of recent developments in the preparation, characterization, and performance of ion exchange membranes in the MCDI field. In some parts of this review, the most relevant literature in the area of electrodialysis (ED) is also discussed to better elucidate the role of the ion exchange membranes. We conclude that more work is required to better define the desalination performance of the proposed novel materials and cell designs for MCDI in treating a wide range of feed waters. The extent of fouling, the development of cleaning strategies, and further techno-economic studies, will add value to this emerging technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: cation exchange membrane; anion exchange membrane; desalination; carbon cation exchange membrane; anion exchange membrane; desalination; carbon
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hassanvand, A.; Wei, K.; Talebi, S.; Chen, G.Q.; Kentish, S.E. The Role of Ion Exchange Membranes in Membrane Capacitive Deionisation. Membranes 2017, 7, 54.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Membranes EISSN 2077-0375 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top