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Membranes 2017, 7(3), 43; doi:10.3390/membranes7030043

Effects of ZnO Nanoparticle on the Gas Separation Performance of Polyurethane Mixed Matrix Membrane

1
Separation Processes Research Group (SPRG), Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan 8731753153, Iran
2
Energy Research Institute, University of Kashan, Ghotb-e-Ravandi Ave., Kashan 8731753153, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2017 / Revised: 26 July 2017 / Accepted: 31 July 2017 / Published: 11 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Membrane Fabrication and Characterization)
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Abstract

Polyurethane (PU)-ZnO mixed matrix membranes (MMM) were fabricated and characterized for gas separation. A thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), a scanning electron microscope (SEM) test and an atomic-force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the physical properties and thermal stability of the membranes were improved through filler loading. Hydrogen Bonding Index, obtained from the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), demonstrate that the degree of phase separation in PU-ZnO 0.5 wt % MMM was more than the neat PU, while in PU-ZnO 1.0 wt % MMM, the phase mixing had increased. Compared to the neat membrane, the CO2 permeability of the MMMs increased by 31% for PU-ZnO 0.5 wt % MMM and decreased by 34% for 1.0 wt % ZnO MMM. The CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 selectivities of PU-ZnO 0.5 wt % were 18.75 and 64.75, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyurethane (PU); ZnO nanoparticle; mixed matrix membrane; gas separation polyurethane (PU); ZnO nanoparticle; mixed matrix membrane; gas separation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Soltani, B.; Asghari, M. Effects of ZnO Nanoparticle on the Gas Separation Performance of Polyurethane Mixed Matrix Membrane. Membranes 2017, 7, 43.

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