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Membranes 2017, 7(2), 17; doi:10.3390/membranes7020017

Glycerol Production and Transformation: A Critical Review with Particular Emphasis on Glycerol Reforming Reaction for Producing Hydrogen in Conventional and Membrane Reactors

1
School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
2
Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council (ITM-CNR), c/o University of Calabria, via P. Bucci Cubo 17/C, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edward Gobina
Received: 12 January 2017 / Revised: 1 March 2017 / Accepted: 17 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ceramic Membranes and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5859 KB, uploaded 23 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Glycerol represents an emerging renewable bio-derived feedstock, which could be used as a source for producing hydrogen through steam reforming reaction. In this review, the state-of-the-art about glycerol production processes is reviewed, with particular focus on glycerol reforming reactions and on the main catalysts under development. Furthermore, the use of membrane catalytic reactors instead of conventional reactors for steam reforming is discussed. Finally, the review describes the utilization of the Pd-based membrane reactor technology, pointing out the ability of these alternative fuel processors to simultaneously extract high purity hydrogen and enhance the whole performances of the reaction system in terms of glycerol conversion and hydrogen yield. View Full-Text
Keywords: glycerol production; glycerol steam reforming; conventional reactor; membrane reactor; hydrogen glycerol production; glycerol steam reforming; conventional reactor; membrane reactor; hydrogen
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bagnato, G.; Iulianelli, A.; Sanna, A.; Basile, A. Glycerol Production and Transformation: A Critical Review with Particular Emphasis on Glycerol Reforming Reaction for Producing Hydrogen in Conventional and Membrane Reactors. Membranes 2017, 7, 17.

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