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Membranes 2016, 6(4), 49; doi:10.3390/membranes6040049

Mass Transport through Nanostructured Membranes: Towards a Predictive Tool

ProcESS—Process Engineering for Sustainable Systems, Department of Chemical Engineering, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200F, Leuven B-3001, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clàudia Fontàs
Received: 24 October 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 24 November 2016 / Published: 2 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
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This study proposes a new mechanism to understand the transport of solvents through nanostructured membranes from a fundamental point of view. The findings are used to develop readily applicable mathematical models to predict solvent fluxes and solute rejections through solvent resistant membranes used for nanofiltration. The new model was developed based on a pore-flow type of transport. New parameters found to be of fundamental importance were introduced to the equation, i.e., the affinity of the solute and the solvent for the membrane expressed as the hydrogen-bonding contribution of the solubility parameter for the solute, solvent and membrane. A graphical map was constructed to predict the solute rejection based on the hydrogen-bonding contribution of the solubility parameter. The model was evaluated with performance data from the literature. Both the solvent flux and the solute rejection calculated with the new approach were similar to values reported in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: solvent resistant nanofiltration; modelling; ceramic membranes solvent resistant nanofiltration; modelling; ceramic membranes

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Darvishmanesh, S.; Van der Bruggen, B. Mass Transport through Nanostructured Membranes: Towards a Predictive Tool. Membranes 2016, 6, 49.

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