Mass Transport through Nanostructured Membranes: Towards a Predictive Tool
AbstractThis study proposes a new mechanism to understand the transport of solvents through nanostructured membranes from a fundamental point of view. The findings are used to develop readily applicable mathematical models to predict solvent fluxes and solute rejections through solvent resistant membranes used for nanofiltration. The new model was developed based on a pore-flow type of transport. New parameters found to be of fundamental importance were introduced to the equation, i.e., the affinity of the solute and the solvent for the membrane expressed as the hydrogen-bonding contribution of the solubility parameter for the solute, solvent and membrane. A graphical map was constructed to predict the solute rejection based on the hydrogen-bonding contribution of the solubility parameter. The model was evaluated with performance data from the literature. Both the solvent flux and the solute rejection calculated with the new approach were similar to values reported in the literature. View Full-Text
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Darvishmanesh, S.; Van der Bruggen, B. Mass Transport through Nanostructured Membranes: Towards a Predictive Tool. Membranes 2016, 6, 49.
Darvishmanesh S, Van der Bruggen B. Mass Transport through Nanostructured Membranes: Towards a Predictive Tool. Membranes. 2016; 6(4):49.Chicago/Turabian Style
Darvishmanesh, Siavash; Van der Bruggen, Bart. 2016. "Mass Transport through Nanostructured Membranes: Towards a Predictive Tool." Membranes 6, no. 4: 49.
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