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Membranes 2016, 6(2), 25; doi:10.3390/membranes6020025

Microencapsulation by Membrane Emulsification of Biophenols Recovered from Olive Mill Wastewaters

Institute on Membrane Technology, National Research Council, ITM-CNR, Via P. Bucci 17/C at University of Calabria, Calabria 87036, Italy
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Received: 12 April 2016 / Revised: 3 May 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 9 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane Emulsification)
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Abstract

Biophenols are highly prized for their free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities. Olive mill wastewaters (OMWWs) are rich in biophenols. For this reason, there is a growing interest in the recovery and valorization of these compounds. Applications for the encapsulation have increased in the food industry as well as the pharmaceutical and cosmetic fields, among others. Advancements in micro-fabrication methods are needed to design new functional particles with target properties in terms of size, size distribution, and functional activity. This paper describes the use of the membrane emulsification method for the fine-tuning of microparticle production with biofunctional activity. In particular, in this pioneering work, membrane emulsification has been used as an advanced method for biophenols encapsulation. Catechol has been used as a biophenol model, while a biophenols mixture recovered from OMWWs were used as a real matrix. Water-in-oil emulsions with droplet sizes approximately 2.3 times the membrane pore diameter, a distribution span of 0.33, and high encapsulation efficiency (98% ± 1% and 92% ± 3%, for catechol and biophenols, respectively) were produced. The release of biophenols was also investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: membrane emulsification; water-in-oil emulsions; biophenols; olive mill wastewater; encapsulation; drug delivery membrane emulsification; water-in-oil emulsions; biophenols; olive mill wastewater; encapsulation; drug delivery
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Piacentini, E.; Poerio, T.; Bazzarelli, F.; Giorno, L. Microencapsulation by Membrane Emulsification of Biophenols Recovered from Olive Mill Wastewaters. Membranes 2016, 6, 25.

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