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Membranes 2015, 5(4), 903-914; doi:10.3390/membranes5040903

Extraction of Gold(III) from Hydrochloric Acid Solutions with a PVC-based Polymer Inclusion Membrane (PIM) Containing Cyphos® IL 104

School of Chemistry, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexey Volkov
Received: 17 November 2015 / Accepted: 3 December 2015 / Published: 8 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes for Environmental Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [248 KB, uploaded 8 December 2015]   |  


Abstract: Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) based polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), with different concentrations of Cyphos® IL 104 as the membrane extractant/carrier, were studied for their ability to extract Au(III) from hydrochloric acid solutions. Some of the PIMs also contained one of the following plasticizers or modifiers: 2-nitrophenyloctyl ether, dioctylphthalate, 1-dodecanol, 1-tetradecanol, or tri(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate. The best performance, in terms of extraction rate and amount of Au(III) extracted, was exhibited by a PIM consisting of 25 wt% Cyphos® IL 104, 5 wt% 1-dodecanol, and 70 wt% PVC. An almost complete back-extraction of the Au(III) extracted from this membrane was achieved by using a 0.10 mol L−1 Na2SO3 receiver solution at pH 8. The stoichiometry of the extracted Au(III)/Cyphos® IL 104 adduct was determined as [P]+ [AuCl4] H+ [PO2] where [P]+ and [PO2] represent trihexyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium and bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl) phosphinate ions, respectively. Back-extraction of Au(III) is suggested to occur by reduction of Au(III) to Au(I), with the formation of the species [Au(SO3)2]3− in the aqueous receiver solution. Loss of 1-dodecanol from the newly developed PIM to the aqueous solutions in contact with it was observed, which indicated that this membrane was suitable for single use in the efficient recovery of Au(III) from hydrochloric acid solutions of electronic scrap or recycled jewelry. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer inclusion membrane (PIM); extraction; Cyphos® IL 104; gold recovery polymer inclusion membrane (PIM); extraction; Cyphos® IL 104; gold recovery

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonggotgetsakul, Y.Y.N.; Cattrall, R.W.; Kolev, S.D. Extraction of Gold(III) from Hydrochloric Acid Solutions with a PVC-based Polymer Inclusion Membrane (PIM) Containing Cyphos® IL 104. Membranes 2015, 5, 903-914.

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