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Membranes 2015, 5(4), 685-701; doi:10.3390/membranes5040685

Challenges in Commercializing Biomimetic Membranes

1
Aquaporin Asia, 1 Clean Tech Loop, CleanTech One #03-05, Singapore 63714, Singapore
2
Aquaporin A/S, Ole Maaløes Vej 3, Copenhagen N DK2200, Denmark
3
DSS, A Tetra Pak Company, Bergsøesvej 17, Silkeborg DK-8600, Denmark
4
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Maribor, Smetanova ulica 17, Maribor 2000, Slovenia
5
Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Bygningstorvet 115, Lyngby 2800 Kgs., Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chuyang Tang
Received: 24 August 2015 / Accepted: 26 October 2015 / Published: 5 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomimetic Membranes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [239 KB, uploaded 5 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

The discovery of selective water channel proteins—aquaporins—has prompted growing interest in using these proteins, as the building blocks for designing new types of membranes. However, as with any other new and potentially disruptive technology, barriers for successful market entry exist. One category includes customer-related barriers, which can be influenced to some extent. Another category includes market-technical-related barriers, which can be very difficult to overcome by an organization/company aiming at successfully introducing their innovation on the market—in particular if both the organization and the technology are at early stages. Often, one faces barriers from both these categories at the same time, which makes it necessary to gain insight of the particular market when introducing a new innovative product. In this review we present the basic concepts and discuss some of these barriers and challenges associated with introducing biomimetic aquaporin membranes. These include technical issues in membrane production and product testing. Then we discuss possible business models for introducing new technologies in general, followed by a presentation of beach-head market segments relevant for biomimetic aquaporin membranes. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaporin membranes; biomimetics; commercialization; early stage technology aquaporin membranes; biomimetics; commercialization; early stage technology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Perry, M.; Madsen, S.U.; Jørgensen, T.; Braekevelt, S.; Lauritzen, K.; Hélix-Nielsen, C. Challenges in Commercializing Biomimetic Membranes. Membranes 2015, 5, 685-701.

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