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Antioxidants 2017, 6(1), 3; doi:10.3390/antiox6010003

Think Yellow and Keep Green—Role of Sulfanes from Garlic in Agriculture

1
Ecospray Limited, Grange Farm Hilborough, Thetford, Norfolk IP26 5BT, UK
2
School of Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Claus Jacob and Gregory Ian Giles
Received: 31 October 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 16 December 2016 / Published: 30 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [505 KB, uploaded 30 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Reactive sulfur species from garlic have long been renowned for their health benefits and antimicrobial properties. In agriculture the subject matter is now gathering momentum in the search for new bio-pesticides to addressing emerging environmental concerns and tighter restrictions on the use of many conventional chemical pesticides. Although the precise modes of action of these garlic-derived bioactives is complex, recent research has provided a number of new insights that deepen our understanding of garlic-derived products, such as garlic extracts and oils. Herein, their activity against various crop-damaging pests is reviewed. In many cases, there seems to be a broad range of activity associated with the sulfur-containing compounds derived from Allium species, which manifests itself in diverse insecticidal, antifungal, and nematicidal activities. These activities open a new understanding to develop this natural chemistry as a “green pesticide”. View Full-Text
Keywords: garlic; Allium; bio pesticides; insecticide; nematicide; potato cyst nematode; diallyl polysulfides; reactive sulfur species garlic; Allium; bio pesticides; insecticide; nematicide; potato cyst nematode; diallyl polysulfides; reactive sulfur species
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Anwar, A.; Gould, E.; Tinson, R.; Groom, M.; Hamilton, C.J. Think Yellow and Keep Green—Role of Sulfanes from Garlic in Agriculture. Antioxidants 2017, 6, 3.

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