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Antioxidants 2016, 5(2), 13; doi:10.3390/antiox5020013

Recent Progress in Anti-Obesity and Anti-Diabetes Effect of Berries

College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chubu University, Kasugai, Aichi 487-8501, Japan
Academic Editor: Dorothy Klimis-Zacas
Received: 29 January 2016 / Revised: 25 February 2016 / Accepted: 29 March 2016 / Published: 6 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Berry Antioxidants in Health and Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1545 KB, uploaded 11 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

Berries are rich in polyphenols such as anthocyanins. Various favorable functions of berries cannot be explained by their anti-oxidant properties, and thus, berries are now receiving great interest as food ingredients with “beyond antioxidant” functions. In this review, we discuss the potential health benefits of anthocyanin-rich berries, with a focus on prevention and treatment of obesity and diabetes. To better understand the physiological functionality of berries, the exact molecular mechanism of their anti-obesity and anti-diabetes effect should be clarified. Additionally, the relationship of metabolites and degradation products with health benefits derived from anthocyanins needs to be elucidated. The preventive effects of berries and anthocyanin-containing foods on the metabolic syndrome are not always supported by findings of interventional studies in humans, and thus further studies are necessary. Use of standardized diets and conditions by all research groups may address this problem. Berries are tasty foods that are easy to consume, and thus, investigating their health benefits is critical for health promotion and disease prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: berries; anthocyanins; obesity; diabetes; degradation products; metabolites; bioavailability berries; anthocyanins; obesity; diabetes; degradation products; metabolites; bioavailability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tsuda, T. Recent Progress in Anti-Obesity and Anti-Diabetes Effect of Berries. Antioxidants 2016, 5, 13.

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