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Antioxidants 2015, 4(1), 124-133; doi:10.3390/antiox4010124

Oil Content, Fatty Acid Composition and Distributions of Vitamin-E-Active Compounds of Some Fruit Seed Oils

1
Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Nutrition and Food, Schützenberg 12, 32756 Detmold, Germany
2
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Selcuk, 42079 Konya, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adrianne Bendich
Received: 10 September 2014 / Accepted: 21 January 2015 / Published: 29 January 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [463 KB, uploaded 29 January 2015]

Abstract

Oil content, fatty acid composition and the distribution of vitamin-E-active compounds of selected Turkish seeds that are typically by-products of the food processing industries (linseed, apricot, pear, fennel, peanut, apple, cotton, quince and chufa), were determined. The oil content of the samples ranged from 16.9 to 53.4 g/100 g. The dominating fatty acids were oleic acid (apricot seed oil, peanut oil, and chufa seed oil) in the range of 52.5 to 68.4 g/100 g and linoleic acid (pear seed oil, apple seed oil, cottonseed oil and quince seed oil) with 48.1 to 56.3 g/100 g, while in linseed oil mainly α-linolenic acid (53.2 g/100 g) and in fennel seed oil mainly 18:1 fatty acids (80.5 g/100 g) with petroselinic acid predominating. The total content of vitamin-E-active compounds ranged from 20.1 (fennel seed oil) to 96 mg/100 g (apple seed oil). The predominant isomers were established as α- and γ-tocopherol. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit seed; oil content; fatty acids; vitamin-E-active compounds; by-products; oil characterisation fruit seed; oil content; fatty acids; vitamin-E-active compounds; by-products; oil characterisation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Matthäus, B.; Musazcan Özcan, M. Oil Content, Fatty Acid Composition and Distributions of Vitamin-E-Active Compounds of Some Fruit Seed Oils. Antioxidants 2015, 4, 124-133.

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