Antioxidants 2013, 2(2), 52-61; doi:10.3390/antiox2020052
Article

Antioxidant Properties of Seeds from Lines of Artichoke, Cultivated Cardoon and Wild Cardoon

1,* email, 1email, 2email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 1email, 3email, 2email and 1email
Received: 7 April 2013; in revised form: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 6 June 2013 / Published: 17 June 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. scolymus L.), the cultivated cardoon (Cynara cardunculus var. altilis DC.) and the wild cardoon (Cynara cardunculus var. sylvestris L.) are species widely distributed in the Mediterranean area. The aim of this research was to evaluate the antioxidant properties of seeds from lines of artichoke and cultivated and wild cardoon in both aqueous-organic extracts and their residues by FRAP (Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power) and TEAC (Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity) evaluations. Both artichoke and cardoon seeds are a good source of antioxidants. Among artichoke seeds, hydrolysable polyphenols contribution to antioxidant properties ranged from 41% to 78% for FRAP values and from 17% to 37% for TEAC values. No difference between cultivated and wild cardoon in antioxidant properties are reported. Our results could provide information about the potential industrial use and application of artichoke and/or cardoon seeds.
Keywords: Cynara cardunculus; seeds; aqueous-organic extract; residue; FRAP; TEAC
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [409 KB, uploaded 17 June 2013 12:01 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Durazzo, A.; Foddai, M.S.; Temperini, A.; Azzini, E.; Venneria, E.; Lucarini, M.; Finotti, E.; Maiani, G.; Crinò, P.; Saccardo, F.; Maiani, G. Antioxidant Properties of Seeds from Lines of Artichoke, Cultivated Cardoon and Wild Cardoon. Antioxidants 2013, 2, 52-61.

AMA Style

Durazzo A, Foddai MS, Temperini A, Azzini E, Venneria E, Lucarini M, Finotti E, Maiani G, Crinò P, Saccardo F, Maiani G. Antioxidant Properties of Seeds from Lines of Artichoke, Cultivated Cardoon and Wild Cardoon. Antioxidants. 2013; 2(2):52-61.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Durazzo, Alessandra; Foddai, Maria S.; Temperini, Andrea; Azzini, Elena; Venneria, Eugenia; Lucarini, Massimo; Finotti, Enrico; Maiani, Gianluca; Crinò, Paola; Saccardo, Francesco; Maiani, Giuseppe. 2013. "Antioxidant Properties of Seeds from Lines of Artichoke, Cultivated Cardoon and Wild Cardoon." Antioxidants 2, no. 2: 52-61.

Antioxidants EISSN 2076-3921 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert