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Antioxidants 2013, 2(2), 37-51; doi:10.3390/antiox2020037

Comparative Study of Antioxidant Power, Polyphenols, Flavonoids and Betacyanins of the Peel and Pulp of Three Tunisian Opuntia Forms

1
Laboratory Applications of Chemical Resources, Natural Substances and the Environment (LACReSNE), Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, 7021 Zarzouna-Bizerte, Tunisia
2
Tunis Preparatory Institute for Engineering Studies (IPEIT), Montfleury, University of Tunis, 1008 Tunis, Tunisia
3
INRA, Research Unit Cider, Biotransformation of Fruits and Vegetables (URCBFL), B.P. 35327, F-35653, Rennes Le Rheu, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2013 / Revised: 9 April 2013 / Accepted: 12 April 2013 / Published: 19 April 2013

Abstract

The antioxidant activity and the chemical composition of methanol extracts from peel and pulp belonging to two species of Tunisian prickly pears Opuntia ficus indica (spiny and thornless forms) and Opuntia stricta have been studied. The antioxidant capacity was measured by DPPH radical scavenging activity. The total phenolic compound (TPC) and the total flavonoid content were determined by the Folin–Ciocalteu method and colorimetric method, respectively. The phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with an electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The results showed that O. stricta fruits present the best antioxidant activities than the two forms of O. ficus indica, while the TPC was more important in O. ficus indica than in the O. stricta fruits. The peels have higher flavonoids than pulp, and the thornless variety has more flavonoid than the spiny. The RP-HPLC and ESI-MS analysis detected two classes of phenolic compounds and betalain pigments. Isorhamnetin derivatives are the dominant flavonol glycoside identified in O. ficus indica (spiny: 65.25 μg·g−1; thornless: 77.03 μg·g−1) and O. stricta peels (19.22 μg·g−1).
Keywords: Opuntia ficus indica; Opuntia stricta; cactus fruit; antioxidant activity; phenolic compounds Opuntia ficus indica; Opuntia stricta; cactus fruit; antioxidant activity; phenolic compounds
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yeddes, N.; Chérif, J.K.; Guyot, S.; Sotin, H.; Ayadi, M.T. Comparative Study of Antioxidant Power, Polyphenols, Flavonoids and Betacyanins of the Peel and Pulp of Three Tunisian Opuntia Forms. Antioxidants 2013, 2, 37-51.

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