Microarrays 2012, 1(2), 95-106; doi:10.3390/microarrays1020095
Article

Development and Optimization of a Thrombin Sandwich Aptamer Microarray

Received: 28 June 2012; in revised form: 26 July 2012 / Accepted: 7 August 2012 / Published: 8 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: A sandwich microarray employing two distinct aptamers for human thrombin has been optimized for the detection of subnanomolar concentrations of the protein. The aptamer microarray demonstrates high specificity for thrombin, proving that a two-site binding assay with the TBA1 aptamer as capture layer and the TBA2 aptamer as detection layer can ensure great specificity at times and conditions compatible with standard routine analysis of biological samples. Aptamer microarray sensitivity was evaluated directly by fluorescent analysis employing Cy5-labeled TBA2 and indirectly by the use of TBA2-biotin followed by detection with fluorescent streptavidin. Sub-nanomolar LODs were reached in all cases and in the presence of serum, demonstrating that the optimized aptamer microarray can identify thrombin by a low-cost, sensitive and specific method.
Keywords: aptamer; thrombin; fluorescence; bioassay; multiplexing microarray
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meneghello, A.; Sosic, A.; Antognoli, A.; Cretaio, E.; Gatto, B. Development and Optimization of a Thrombin Sandwich Aptamer Microarray. Microarrays 2012, 1, 95-106.

AMA Style

Meneghello A, Sosic A, Antognoli A, Cretaio E, Gatto B. Development and Optimization of a Thrombin Sandwich Aptamer Microarray. Microarrays. 2012; 1(2):95-106.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meneghello, Anna; Sosic, Alice; Antognoli, Agnese; Cretaio, Erica; Gatto, Barbara. 2012. "Development and Optimization of a Thrombin Sandwich Aptamer Microarray." Microarrays 1, no. 2: 95-106.

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