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Brain Sci. 2017, 7(7), 86; doi:10.3390/brainsci7070086

Bilinguals’ Working Memory (WM) Advantage and Their Dual Language Practices

Board of education in Incheon, Incheon 21554, South Korea
Academic Editor: Sven Kroener
Received: 22 April 2017 / Revised: 10 July 2017 / Accepted: 14 July 2017 / Published: 18 July 2017
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Abstract

The present study investigates a possible working memory (WM) difference between monolingual and bilingual groups and explores the relationship between their WM advantage and language practices. A mixed methods design was employed for the study. To measure participants’ WM, auditory and visual digit span tasks were conducted on the different language groups: 20 Korean near-monolinguals, and 40 Korean–English bilinguals with two different levels of second language (L2) proficiency. Bilinguals’ daily language practices were explored through semi-structured interviews with eight bilinguals. The convergence of the findings from both tests and interview data suggests that knowing two languages does not guarantee bilingual WM advantages over monolinguals, but the advantage might be linked to bilinguals’ unique L2 use environment where they need to hold incoming L2 information while decoding it. View Full-Text
Keywords: bilinguals; working memory; mixed methods; language practices bilinguals; working memory; mixed methods; language practices
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, E. Bilinguals’ Working Memory (WM) Advantage and Their Dual Language Practices. Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 86.

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