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Brain Sci. 2017, 7(10), 123; doi:10.3390/brainsci7100123

Multifaceted Communication Problems in Everyday Conversations Involving People with Parkinson’s Disease

Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Speech and Language Pathology Unit, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg SE-405 30, Sweden
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Received: 23 August 2017 / Revised: 18 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pathophysiology and Genetics of Movement Disorders)
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Abstract

It is known that Parkinson’s disease is often accompanied by a motor speech disorder, which results in impaired communication. However, people with Parkinson’s disease may also have impaired word retrieval (anomia) and other communicative problems, which have a negative impact on their ability to participate in conversations with family as well as healthcare staff. The aim of the present study was to explore effects of impaired speech and language on communication and how this is managed by people with Parkinson’s disease and their spouses. Using a qualitative method based on Conversation Analysis, in-depth analyses were performed on natural conversational interaction in five dyads including elderly men who were at different stages of Parkinson’s disease. The findings showed that the motor speech disorder in combination with word retrieval difficulties and adaptations, such as using communication strategies, may result in atypical utterances that are difficult for communication partners to understand. The coexistence of several communication problems compounds the difficulties faced in conversations and individuals with Parkinson’s disease are often dependent on cooperation with their communication partner to make themselves understood. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; communication disorder; motor speech disorder; dysarthria; anomia; conversational interaction; spouses; Conversation Analysis Parkinson’s disease; communication disorder; motor speech disorder; dysarthria; anomia; conversational interaction; spouses; Conversation Analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Saldert, C.; Bauer, M. Multifaceted Communication Problems in Everyday Conversations Involving People with Parkinson’s Disease. Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 123.

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