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Brain Sci. 2014, 4(2), 396-404; doi:10.3390/brainsci4020396
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Disturbed Mental Imagery of Affected Body-Parts in Patients with Hysterical Conversion Paraplegia Correlates with Pathological Limbic Activity

1
, 2
, 2
, 2
 and 2,3,*
1 Department of Fundamental and Clinical Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva 1211, Switzerland 2 Department of Neurology, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem 91120, Israel 3 Neuropsychiatry Lab, Faculty of Medicine, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2014 / Revised: 25 March 2014 / Accepted: 4 May 2014 / Published: 20 May 2014
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Abstract

Patients with conversion disorder generally suffer from a severe neurological deficit which cannot be attributed to a structural neurological damage. In two patients with acute conversion paraplegia, investigation with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) showed that the insular cortex, a limbic-related cortex involved in body-representation and subjective emotional experience, was activated not only during attempt to move the paralytic body-parts, but also during mental imagery of their movements. In addition, mental rotation of affected body-parts was found to be disturbed, as compared to unaffected body parts or external objects. fMRI during mental rotation of the paralytic body-part showed an activation of another limbic related region, the anterior cingulate cortex. These data suggest that conversion paraplegia is associated with pathological activity in limbic structures involved in body representation and a deficit in mental processing of the affected body-parts.
Keywords: conversion disorder; hysteria; body-processing; mental-imagery; insular cortex; anterior cingulate cortex; fMRI conversion disorder; hysteria; body-processing; mental-imagery; insular cortex; anterior cingulate cortex; fMRI
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Saj, A.; Raz, N.; Levin, N.; Ben-Hur, T.; Arzy, S. Disturbed Mental Imagery of Affected Body-Parts in Patients with Hysterical Conversion Paraplegia Correlates with Pathological Limbic Activity. Brain Sci. 2014, 4, 396-404.

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