Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Physical Activity and Brain Function in Older Adults at Increased Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Long-Term Consequences of Developmental Alcohol Exposure on Brain Structure and Function: Therapeutic Benefits of Physical Activity
Brain Sci. 2013, 3(1), 39-53; doi:10.3390/brainsci3010039
Review

Exercise Benefits Brain Function: The Monoamine Connection

1
 and 1,2,*
Received: 13 September 2012; in revised form: 29 October 2012 / Accepted: 7 January 2013 / Published: 11 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Brain Function)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [199 KB, uploaded 11 January 2013]
Abstract: The beneficial effects of exercise on brain function have been demonstrated in animal models and in a growing number of clinical studies on humans. There are multiple mechanisms that account for the brain-enhancing effects of exercise, including neuroinflammation, vascularization, antioxidation, energy adaptation, and regulations on neurotrophic factors and neurotransmitters. Dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NE), and serotonin (5-HT) are the three major monoamine neurotransmitters that are known to be modulated by exercise. This review focuses on how these three neurotransmitters contribute to exercise affecting brain function and how it can work against neurological disorders.
Keywords: exercise; brain function; monoamine exercise; brain function; monoamine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, T.-W.; Kuo, Y.-M. Exercise Benefits Brain Function: The Monoamine Connection. Brain Sci. 2013, 3, 39-53.

AMA Style

Lin T-W, Kuo Y-M. Exercise Benefits Brain Function: The Monoamine Connection. Brain Sciences. 2013; 3(1):39-53.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Tzu-Wei; Kuo, Yu-Min. 2013. "Exercise Benefits Brain Function: The Monoamine Connection." Brain Sci. 3, no. 1: 39-53.


Brain Sci. EISSN 2076-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert