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Brain Sci. 2012, 2(1), 1-21; doi:10.3390/brainsci2010001

Why the Brain Knows More than We Do: Non-Conscious Representations and Their Role in the Construction of Conscious Experience

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 5508, Université Montpellier, Montpellier 34095, France
Received: 16 November 2011 / Revised: 12 December 2011 / Accepted: 20 December 2011 / Published: 27 December 2011

Abstract

Scientific studies have shown that non-conscious stimuli and representations influence information processing during conscious experience. In the light of such evidence, questions about potential functional links between non-conscious brain representations and conscious experience arise. This article discusses neural model capable of explaining how statistical learning mechanisms in dedicated resonant circuits could generate specific temporal activity traces of non-conscious representations in the brain. How reentrant signaling, top-down matching, and statistical coincidence of such activity traces may lead to the progressive consolidation of temporal patterns that constitute the neural signatures of conscious experience in networks extending across large distances beyond functionally specialized brain regions is then explained.
Keywords: non-conscious representation; temporal brain activity patterns; top-down matching; reentrant signaling; resonance; conscious experience non-conscious representation; temporal brain activity patterns; top-down matching; reentrant signaling; resonance; conscious experience
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dresp-Langley, B. Why the Brain Knows More than We Do: Non-Conscious Representations and Their Role in the Construction of Conscious Experience. Brain Sci. 2012, 2, 1-21.

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