Initiation and Propagation of Top-Down Cracking in Asphalt Pavement
AbstractTop-down cracking (TDC) alongside the wheel path is one of the commonly seen distress types on asphalt pavements, especially on heavy-duty asphalt pavements. It has been believed that TDC is caused by either tension stress or shear stress in the top asphalt layer(s). In this paper, new initiation and propagation mechanisms of TDC are proposed and validated through both accelerated pavement testing in the field and uniaxial repeated loading penetration tests in the laboratory at different temperatures. The test results clearly show that the uniaxial repeated loading penetration test can simulate both initiation and propagation processes of TDC very closely. Based on these test results, the mechanisms for crack initiation and propagation are further investigated with the finite element (FE) program. The FE analysis results show that under repeated loading, shear damage will occur first in the asphalt layer, then extend horizontally and consequently result in a shear-damaged layer. The damaged layer then led to higher tensile strain in the upper mixture which caused tension cracks and finally propagated upwards to the pavement surface. The whole process of TDC initiation and propagation can be described as “shear damage, then tension propagation”, which is the new mechanism proposed in this paper. View Full-Text
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Sun, L.; Wang, G.; Zhang, H.; Liu, L. Initiation and Propagation of Top-Down Cracking in Asphalt Pavement. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 774.
Sun L, Wang G, Zhang H, Liu L. Initiation and Propagation of Top-Down Cracking in Asphalt Pavement. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(5):774.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Lijun; Wang, Gang; Zhang, Hongchao; Liu, Liping. 2018. "Initiation and Propagation of Top-Down Cracking in Asphalt Pavement." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 5: 774.
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